O Lamarão ou Lameirão

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Lamarão

Foto E. Vale, 1940, no Lamarão enchendo as tinas na barcaça para transportar para o navio, da obra: A industria extrativa do sal ... de Dioclécio D. Duarte

É conhecida como Lamarão uma área localizada há oito ou nove milhas, defronte a praia de Camapum em linha reta. A certeza da chegada dos navios era confirmada pelo contínuo do Sindicato dos Estivadores que subia na torre da Igreja para confirmar a chegada. A partir daí, avisavam os homens que iam trabalhar naquele navio. Feito a escalação dos homens, o tesoureiro dirigia-se à companhia responsável pelo embarque do sal e recebia um pequeno adiantamento que servia de abono para os estivadores deixarem com suas famílias. O embarque do pessoal acontecia as 4:00 horas da manhã, sempre nas lanchas das Companhias. A estiva era uma categoria de trabalhadores que não tinha direitos reconhecidos, pois trabalhavam oito, dez ou doze dias seguidos sem vir à terra, pois as barcaças atrasavam com a falta de vento, o mar revolto, tudo comprometia o andamento dos serviços. Além de não terem direito ao descanso semanal, não terem o horário certo do almoço, visto que quando a barcaça estava descarregando não podiam parar para outra atividade qualquer. Com a criação do Instituto de Aposentadoria e Pensão dos Trabalhadores de Transportes e Cargas na Previdência Social houve uma melhora no regime de trabalho, porém, ainda assim não tiveram direitos amplamente reconhecidos.

Foto E. Vale, 1940, barcaças de sal e o vapor Tibagi da CCN, do livro: A indústria do sal... de Dioclécio D. Duarte

Quando da Segunda Guerra Mundial ficaram expostos aos ataques de submarinos. Os poderes constituídos (Legislativo e Judiciário) não reconheceram o perigo de estarem em mar aberto sob o risco de ataques submarinos. Eram vistos como os outros estivadores que pelo o Brasil afora trabalhavam no cais do porto. Temos que ver ainda o perigo que corria no dia a dia, a começar no momento da chegada para o trabalho, pois o acesso ao navio se dava com o estivador subindo uma escada de quebra peito com dois metros de tamanho no costado, tentando se equilibrar de acordo com o balanço das ondas, correndo o perigo de cair no mar entre a barcaça e o navio. Existia ainda o risco de qualquer peça dos aparelhos de carga cair e atingir o trabalhador, como o ocorrido com o estivador Paiva que morreu em pleno convés, ou ainda por ocasião do “rechego” quando estivadores morreram soterrados pelo sal. Toda essa vida vivi, e conheci de perto, pois embora sendo menor, com quatorze anos, assim mesmo consegui chegar até o navio onde passei cinco dias e tive a oportunidade de operar o guincho a vapor puxando a tina para o porão. O Lamarão sempre existirá na memória de Macau como uma mina desativada, assim como vive a Ilha de Manoel Gonçalves na memória dos macauenses. Para encontrá-las é só traçar as coordenadas geográficas .

De Bevenuto Paiva para o baú de Macau. Natal, 31/12/2011.

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