O Macauense [1886/1889], primeiro jornal de Macau


Do livro: A imprensa periódica no Rio Grande do Norte – de 1832 a 1908 de Luiz Fernandes, Coedição da Fundação José Augusto e do Sebo Vermelho, Natal, 1998. p. 138 – Secção IV – Macau – 1 – O MACAUENSE – 1886-89 – Mudando-se da cidade do Assú para a de Macau, o professor Elias Souto aí fundou O Macauense, órgão dos interesses sociais, impresso em tipografia própria, a mesma em que no Assu imprimia seu proprietário o Jornal do Assú e O Assuense [2ª fase]. Publicou seu primeiro número a 13 de agosto de 1886,  no qual declara o professor Elias Souto, sob sua assinatura, “ter promovido a criação d’ O Macauense para pugnar em geral pelos interesses do Partido Conservador do País e da Província e em particular pelos do Município”. Publicou apenas 48 números, saindo o último a 31 de maio de 1889.

Do livro: Um Rio Grande e Macau – cronologia da história geral, de Getúlio Moura, Edição do Autor, com patrocínio cultural da Lei Câmara Cascudo, Petrobrás BR e Governo do Rio Grande do Norte, Macau, 2005. - p. 334 – A IMPRENSA – O primeiro jornal, O MACAUENSE, “órgão dos interesses sociaes” [1886-1889], foi fundado pelo professor Elias Souto. Era impresso em sua própria tipografia, trazida de Assu [onde lá imprimia o Jornal do Assu e a segunda fase d’ O Assuense]. Elias publicou o primeiro número d’O Macauense no dia 13 de agosto de 1886, onde estava escrito no edital: ‘[…] ter promovido a criação d’O Macauense para pugnar em geral pelos  interesses do Partido Conservador do País e da Província, e em particular pelos do Município”. Foram publicados 48 números. O último é de 31 de maio de 1889. Além da coleção d’ O Macauense em cópia de microfilmes adquirida pelo artista e geólogo Leão Neto, três outras coleções de jornais do início do século 20 foram pesquisadas. As folhas envelhecidas, quebradiças, tiveram de ser manuseadas com muito cuidado. À primeira vista, dava a impressão que iriam se desmanchar, se tocadas. Estas três coleções estão guardadas no Instituto Histórico e Geográfico do Rio Grande do Norte. Os jornais são: FOLHA NOVA, de 1914 a 1915, de E. Mavgnier de Noronha – gerente e Antonio de Oliveira, Eufrásio Oliveira e Ezequiel Wanderley – redatores;

Quando tinha livraria em Macau

O IMPARCIAL, de 1919 a 1920, de Virgílio Pinheiro – diretor e Irineu de Albuquerque e Menezes Sobrinho – redatores; JORNAL DE MACAU, de 1916 a 1919, de Lopes Filho e J. Calafange. Virgílio  Pinheiro, dono d’O imparcial, imprimiu os jornais de Macau por um período de 20 anos. Em 1932, ele vendeu a livraria e “Tipografia Commercial”, para Antonio Antunes. Virgílio era irmão de Aurélio Pinheiro, autor do romance Macau.


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