O forte da Ilha de Manoel Gonçalves

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Forte da Ilha de Manuel Gonçalves

AD, 1998, Litoral de Macau, arquivo desconhecido

O Forte da ilha de Manoel Gonçalves localizava-se na desaparecida Ilha de Manoel Gonçalves, na barra do rio Açu, atual cidade de Macau, no litoral do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, no Brasil. História:No contexto da Guerra Peninsular na Europa, pelo Aviso de 7 de outubro de 1807 a Coroa Portuguesa solicitou ao Governador da Capitania do Rio Grande do Norte, Tenente-coronel Jose Francisco de Paula Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, informações do que convinha fazer para a defesa daquela Capitania. A resposta, em um detalhado Memorial (“Memória relativa à defesa da Capitania do Rio Grande do Norte (…)”, pelo seu Governador Francisco José de Paula Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, datada de 30 de Maio de 1808), converteu-se em diversas fortificações ligeiras, erguidas no ano seguinte (1808), concomitantes com a chegada da Família Real Portuguesa ao Brasil. O Forte de Manuel Gonçalves foi uma dessas fortificações (SOUZA, 1885:77). De pequenas dimensões, possívelmente uma simples bateira destinava-se à defesa daquela enseada. O mesmo autor refere que estava desarmada de há muito, e certamente arruinada (op. cit., p. 77), restando vestígios de muralhamento na boca do rio Assu (op. cit., p. 36). GARRIDO (1940) cita Luis da Câmara Cascudo, que contesta a existência deste forte, uma vez que: a ilha havia desaparecido anteriormente a 1840, e os seus habitantes mudado para terra firme, onde atualmente é Macau; dada a insignificância demográfica e estratégica da ilha e não tendo sobrevivido nem na tradição oral (op. cit., p. 47). Efetivamente este forte não se encontra citado no referido memorial.

Bibliografia

  • BARRETO, Aníbal (Cel.). Fortificações no Brasil (Resumo Histórico). Rio de Janeiro: Biblioteca do Exército Editora, 1958. 368 p.
  • GARRIDO, Carlos Miguez. Fortificações do Brasil. Separata do Vol. III dos Subsídios para a História Marítima do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Imprensa Naval, 1940.
  • SOUSA, Augusto Fausto de. Fortificações no Brazil. RIHGB. Rio de Janeiro: Tomo XLVIII, Parte II, 1885. p. 5-140.

Fonte: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Pesquisa de João Vicente Guimarães.

Na obra Um Rio Grande e Macau, o escritor Getúlio Moura destaca na página 118 o ataque corsário e o fortim da Ilha de Manoel Gonçalves, anotando que o pesquisador Câmara Cascudo descobriu nos Documentos do Arquivo da Secretaria do Governo de Pernambuco ofícios que comprovaram a existência do forte.

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